- Madrid, the capital of Spain (since the 17th century) is located in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula and also the heart of Community of Madrid which is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile-Leon and Castile-La Mancha.
- Madrid has a population of around 3.4 million which makes it the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin. The city has an area of 604.3 km² and the community of Madrid occupies almost 8000 km2 and consists of 178 municipalities with 6.5 million inhabitants. 15% of Madrid's residents are foreign-born. In 1900, the population of Madrid used to be only 950 000.
- More than 6 million tourists visit Madrid each year.
- Madrid is located at 300 km from the sea and 650 metres above the sea level which makes it the highest capital city in Europe.
- Distances from Madrid To: Barcelona (620 kilometers from Madrid), Valencia (352 kilometers from Madrid), Salamanca (212 kilometers from Madrid), Sevilla (462 kilometers from Madrid) and Bilbao (382 kilometers from Madrid).
- The name Madrid is derived from the Arabic “magerit” which means ‘place of many streams.
- Madrid is the political center of Spain, the seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch.
- Madrid is one of the largest centres for finance in Europe and the largest financial center in Spain.
- The official symbol of Madrid is the bear on its back legs eating berries from the madrono tree (similar to a strawberry tree) and the Flag of the City of Madrid represents the city's coat of arms centred on a crimson field.
- Madrid has more sunny days than almost any other city in Europe, more than 2700 hours of sun (around 250 days a year).
- The average temperature in Madrid is 13C (57F). 23C (73F) for Summer and 7C (47F) in Winter when it occasionally snows.
- Madrid's Barajas, is the largest international airport in Spain with around 50 million passengers yearly which makes it the world's 11th busiest airport.
- Madrid Public Transports include buses and metro consisting of about 12 metro lines and more than 200 metro stations, Madrid has the second largest metro network in Europe.
- Caja Madrid Tower is the tallest building in Madrid and all Spain with a height of 250 meters.
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